Be Cool! Learn How To Grow Cucumbers Outdoors!

Sliced Cucumber from Garden


I Wanna Know How To Grow Cucumbers Outdoors

Cucumbers are cool…maybe because they’re made up of 95% water and, have an abundance of nutrients.  Cucumbers keep you hydrated, cool your skin, reduce swelling, irritation and inflation, reduce eye puffiness, improve bone health, have anti-cancer properties, aid weight loss,  help stabilize blood pressure, help heal diseased gums, help relieve muscle and joint pain…and have a host of other benefits for your body.  So why wouldn’t I want to become educated in how to grow cucumbers outdoors?


But, In my Early Days…

As a youngster, I could not tolerate them!  My taste buds were geared toward hot dogs, hamburgers, and French fries.

Now, growing them in my own vegetable garden, I have come to love them…for their crisp, crunchy texture and their slightly sweet but, faintly salty flavor.  They are great in salads, as pickles, or just by themselves.

Many people, who have learned how to grow cucumber plants in their backyard garden, view growing cukes to be almost as popular as tomatoes.

The varieties are diverse; slicing and pickling cucumbers, bush and vining cucumbers, burpless cucumbers…(Cucumbers – Wikipedia)


What’s the difference?


Slicing Cucumbers vs. Pickling Cucumbers

Slicing cucumbers from a backyard garden


Slicing Cucumbers have a thicker skin and are generally used for salads and eating off-the-vine.  They are darker green, long, smooth, and lean, growing to around 6-8 inches…sometimes more.



Pickling cucumbers from a home garden


Pickling Cucumbers were developed for canning.  The vinegar or pickling mix can penetrate their thinner skin reaching the meat inside easier.  Picklers are lighter green with bumpy nodes and about half the size of slicers.



NOTE:  Seed packets and plants are typically labeled as either “slicing” or “pickling.”


Bush Cucumbers vs. Vining Cucumbers

Bush Cucumbers have short vines and are ideal for container gardens since they only need a width of several feet to grow to their potential.  Otherwise, they produce about the same physical and taste characteristics as Vining Cucumbers.  Some types include:

Slicing*** – Salad Bush, Spacemaster, Straight Eight, Sweet Success, and Bush Champion

Pickling*** – Picklebush, Pick-a-Bushel (semi-Bush)

***Here’s where you can find additional descriptions, details, and thoughts on these cucumber varieties.***

Vining Cucumbers need room to grow.  Their vines can go on forever.  Many gardeners put their cukes in a cage but, as the plant grows, spreading numerous vines, they will soon outgrow it.  Enter my favorite: the garden trellis…not just for tomatoes.  Here’s an article about building a trellis for your garden.

For those of you who have experienced the all-too-familiar “cucumber burp”, there are burpless varieties to grow…but, you will experience a slight drop in flavor, in my opinion.

Alright now…enough of the cuke education!  Let’s get to growing them!


Now, Let’s Learn How to Grow Your Own Cucumbers

First Things First

You can buy the plants (expensive) and plant them directly in your garden…or you can buy the seeds (not so expensive) and germinate them. 

Try to buy “hybrid” seeds.  They have a stronger resistance to diseases and pests.

I buy the seeds, germinate them, transplant the seedlings into small sized biodegradable starter pots, then, when they have several “true leaves” (not the first “baby leaves”), harden off the plants before planting them directly into the garden.

Need some “how-to” information for germinating seeds?

How about some useful information when you are ready to transplant your seedlings into starter pots?

Time to put your young plants in the ground – When your cucumber plant has grown at least 3 to 6 healthy leaves, it’s time to transplant it into your backyard garden or container.

NOTE: Cucumbers grow much better with the ground dirt temperature above 70 °F (21 °C).

Pick a sunny area.  Cucumbers do best with 8 to 10 hours of sunshine each day.  They can survive on 6 or 7 hours but, they won’t produce as well.

Dig a hole just a bit deeper than the starter pot.  Mix some potting soil and a teaspoon of 10-10-10 fertilizer with the dirt, and place the plant in the hole using the potting soil/fertilizer/dirt mixture to fill in around the plant.

Space the plants at least a foot apart.  Personally, I prefer to space them 18 to 24 inches apart so they have more air circulation, lower instance of disease spreading from plant to plant, and they compete less with each other for the same nutrients.  You would be surprised how far their underground root systems will travel!

Water well and label the plant so, you know what type of seeds you want to buy next year if the plant grows well and the cukes are especially delicious.


To Trellis or not to Trellis?  That is the Question!


Cucumbers on the ground



The trick is…keep the vines off the ground.  Cucumbers touching the ground are more susceptible to disease and infection by cucumber worms.



Bush cucumbers, with shorter vines, grow easily in cages..  You can buy metal cages.  You can make metal cages by forming a cylinder with a piece of chicken wire or rolled fencing:

Lattice design for a trellis



Or, you can hammer in 3 or 4 stakes around the plant and connect them with string to create a lattice:

Vining cucumbers grow better on a lattice or trellis because they give more support to the longer vines.



My tomato-style trellis works very well for cucumbers, too.  Matter of fact, I use the trellis for both bush cucumbers and vining cucumbers.  Building a Garden Trellis. Cheap and Easy!



There is not much to prune on my cucumber plants.  I typically remove dead, yellow, or powder-coated leaves, yellowing cucumbers, and cucumbers with end rot…from the garden area.  I keep the vines tied up off the ground, letting them grow as free as possible.  After the plants start producing flowers and cucumbers, they will grow more and more rapidly!


Pests and Disease

There are a number of pests that compete with us for the cucumber plants but, the biggest destroyer of cukes is the cute little cucumber beetle. 

Cucumber Beetle


They are yellow…with black stripes or spots.  These pests eat leaves, stems, and cucumbers; they carry diseases like bacterial wilt; and, they lay eggs on the plant and in the soil around the plant.  The eggs turn into larvae (worms) that burrow into the cucumbers and enjoy the meaty part inside.  This is a very good reason for keeping the vines and cukes off the ground.


Lady Bug on a cucumber leaf


Don’t they look a little like lady bugs?  By the way, Ladybugs will also eat the cucumber beetle’s eggs, as well as other garden pests so, be nice to them.


So, how do you get rid of these cucumber “Terminator” beetles?

Well, you can either pick them off by hand…one by one…crush them…spending hours every day at the task…since they will proliferate greatly.  Or, you can use yellow sticky traps.  The beetles love the yellow color and the pheromone attractant.  And, the traps work like fly paper.  Once the beetles are on the traps, the sticky surface keeps them there.  You will never get rid of them completely.  But you can minimize their effect on your crop.

You can also grow alternative plants among your cucumbers that will drive away the beetles such as Ruta graveolens (rue or herb-of-grace), marigolds, geraniums, nasturtiums, castor beans or radishes.

And, lastly, bats will chow down on your cucumber beetles if are able to entice them to live in your area by building them a bat house and putting their favorite flowers close to it.  (I don’t think you’ll need the white picket fence, though.)


Let’s pick cucumbers!

Pick cucumbers when they are green, ripe, and firm.  If you wait too long, they will start to yellow and become bitter.

Pickling cucumbers:    3 to 6 inches long

Slicing cucumbers:      6 to 8 inches long

NOTE: It is best to cut off the cukes with a sharp knife, scissors, or a good pair of garden shears like the Gonicc 8″ Pruning Shears.  Pinching or twisting them off may damage the vines if not done carefully.

Then, it will be time to think about canning some of them…which will be covered in a future article.  You may soon discover that the best pickles are made with cucumbers from your very own backyard garden!

Maybe that’s why, during cucumber season, when I bring an overflowing basket of cukes into the kitchen, My wife, the local canning expert, will look at me and say with a smile…“You mean a great dill to me.”


Whew!  I’m glad she didn’t tell me that I was “in a pickle.”  I wouldn’t “relish” that idea!


Are you a “cuke” lover or hater?  Any interesting tales to tell?  Let me know  in the comments section below or email me:


Jim, the Life Long Gardener

8 thoughts on “Be Cool! Learn How To Grow Cucumbers Outdoors!

  1. James Harvey Reply

    I never knew that it was diffret variations of cucumbers. This was an interesting and very helpful read for me. I will be creating my first garden in the summer time of this year. I plan on implementing a lot of veggies such as cucumbers, tomatoes, carrots etc. I will use your site and this article as a guide to help me best run my garden. Thanks a lot.

    • Jim Reply

      There are almost an infinite varieties of cucumbers. Around the world, each type is a bit different in taste, texture, and appearance. It depends a lot on the type of soil in the garden and the varieties of cucumbers that grow best in that soil.

      Thanks, for visiting! Look for additional information in the near future.


  2. shrey Reply

    Till today I did not know the difference between slicing cucumber and the pickling cucumber. It is from this post that I have finally realized the difference and to be honest, I’m a little embarrassed.

    There are a few cucumbers that are bitter, how can we get rid of that, anyone here with any ideas on that?

    • Jim Reply

      Cucumber have several compounds in their leaves, stems, and roots that make these areas taste bad to critters that like to munch on them.

      Sometimes, when the cucumber plant gets stressed, these compounds will move into the cucumber fruit itself.

      Stressful conditions include:

      Long periods of hot dry weather.  Cucumbers need at least an inch of water per week.Soil that lacks the nutrients needed by cucumbers.  There is not enough nitrogen or potassium to feed them.Not enough sunshine.  They need at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunshine per day.  A string of cloudy days can be enough to trigger stress.

      Most of the bitterness tends to be at the stem end of the cucumber or just under the skin.  So, cut the first inch off and skin them to get rid of the majority of the bitter taste.


  3. Mithra Reply

    Ah…the cucumber beetles! I love growing cucumbers but I’ve always had to deal with the beetles. No matter what I do, I can’t seem to save my cucumbers. I was searching for a solution and I like the idea of growing alternative plants among the cucumbers ( killing two birds with one stone)! I’m thinking about growing marigolds.

    I’m actually new to gardening and it’s always great to learn something new! By the way, do we have to deal with the beetles if we grow the hybrid variety?
    Thanks for the post Jim!

    • Jim Reply

      Hi Mithra,

      The marigolds will be a big help because, those nasty little cucumber beetles will go after any variety of cucumber you have.  Hybrids will only give limited protection against certain plant diseases…they don’t offer protection against creepy-crawly pests.


  4. Joe Reply

    I have a couple of cucumbers that are turning yellowish and not growing long but round, can this be from excessive heat lately( 2-3 days of 95 degree heat)

    • Jim Post authorReply

      Hi Joe,

      Are your cukes getting an inch of water a week? More is better! When they are moisture stressed, they can grow into some pretty weird shapes.

      Another problem could be insufficient pollination. Are there bees always buzzing around them? If not, that could be an issue.

      Even though cucumbers love hot weather, that 95 degree heat could be hurting them. Check your leaves. Are they wilting or falling off? If so, give the plants extra water and find some way to shade them in the late afternoon until the temperature drops to a more comfortable level.


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